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Caroline Njoki Kuria and Gasper Rogasiani Asenga, both directors of Crystal World Agencies Limited faced 13 counts of omitting from tax returns production amounts. [Photo/ Courtesy]

Kenya Revenue Authority’s (KRA) Alternative Dispute Resolution (ADR) successfully resolved 319 cases during the first half of this financial year, compared to 243 cases resolved during a similar period in the last financial year.

This signifies a 31 percent growth in the number of cases resolved. KRA received 559 ADR applications between July and December 2021 compared to 493 ADR applications received during the first half in the Financial Year 2020/2021, a growth of 13 percent.

“The growth in the number of applications to ADR not only signifies an outstanding performance but also confirms the growth in the number of taxpayers who are increasingly embracing ADR in preference to other dispute resolution mechanisms such as litigation processes,” said KRA in a statement.

During the half-year period July 2021 to December 2021, the average number of days taken to resolve tax disputes at ADR was 42 days which is less than half of the statutory timelines of 90 days. This represented a higher level of efficiency compared to the time taken to resolve a tax dispute in an adversarial process, which often spans years.

According to the Tax Procedures Act, cases under discussion outside of the Tax Appeals Tribunal or Courts should be resolved within 90 days. This provision ensures that disputes are resolved expeditiously and not inordinately delayed. Notwithstanding the legal provision for resolution of tax disputes within 90 days, cases can and have previously been settled in considerably less time through the ADR process.

“KRA is encouraging taxpayers to utilize the ADR process in resolving tax disputes. The ADR process is more flexible, cost-efficient, confidential and time-saving. The process also provides the parties with more control over the procedures for resolving the disputes and the results. Parties who resolve their disputes through ADR are generally more satisfied because they have the opportunity to directly participate in arriving at the outcomes and agreeing on the terms of the settlement,” added KRA.

“Through structured discussions and settlement processes at ADR, more disputes are resolved efficiently and with greater satisfaction to all parties. The process has also enabled the tax administration to foster good relationships with taxpayers and enhance tax compliance going forward.”

ADR was initiated by KRA in the year 2015. Over the years, ADR has gradually grown to be the preferred process in ISO 9001:2015 CERTIFIED PUBLIC resolving tax disputes. During its inception in 2015, only 49 cases were resolved. The number of cases resolved has since grown by more than 100 percent.

“The primary answer to the challenge of how to achieve decisions or settlements in disputes at lower cost and more quickly is that those goals can be achieved if participants in the process truly embrace reduced cost and greater speed of resolution as a value that is important to fair administration of justice and effective service of disputing parties’ interests,” says John Kieranan, in Cordozo Law review (2018).

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